Priorities of Human Rights Protection in Yemen for the Yemeni Civil Society Organizations, January 2017

• First: Stopping the war, lifting the siege, and achieving peace.

The announcement of the Decisive Storm in the March 26, 2015, following the resignation of President Hadi and the Prime Minister after the application of the peace agreement and the partnership signed with Ansar Allah on 21/9/2015 and the lack of consensus on the draft constitution and the escalation of political differences between all the Yemeni political parties and political division, following disagreements and differences and events accumulated and the proliferating complexities since the summer of 94 in addition to the six wars of Sa’dah, which began in 2004 until 2009, and the consequent results of these events and the demands and complexities all of what mentioned above are added to the complexities of the political failure of the political elite and the ruling party.

By the decision of the coalition group led by Saudi Arabia, and the announcement of the war in a press conference in Washington for the minister of the foreign affairs of Saudi Arabia, Wednesday night, March 26, 2015, and starting their air strikes on Sana’a International Airport which caused injurys for residential neighborhood just 600 meters from the airport and killed more than 26 civilians, including women and children, like them dozens of wounded from the first day to this the air raids and continuing to this day which the Saudi air force committed over 4383 crimes on civilians all around the country, according to the sources of the institutions assigned on this message. Away from going into the reasons and justifications, it was trespassing in violation of the Charter of the United Nations, and without a resolution stated goals for weeks and did not achieve any of them for nearly two years but only resulting in a fall of more than fifty thousand of killed civilians, including women and children, and destroyed 80% of the infrastructure of the state of Yemen. In addition to making terrorist groups (Al Qaeda, Daesh) from the control of the south and other parts of the Republic of Yemen.

This requires that the United Nations and its organizations beside to all supporters of the Peace and Human Rights to operate and stop the war immediately, lifting the siege, relief to the people of Yemen, re-displaced communities, support the political process, and the return of national dialogue from the point at which they ended with Mr. / Jamal bin Omar – the former special envoy of the United Nations that covered by his briefing note before the Security Council 27/ 4 / 2015.

• Second: building confidence between the parties of the political process and supporting the human rights issues relating to economic, social and cultural rights

The continuation of foreign interference and lack of accountability of political leaders to political corruption and crimes against our people to achieve political demands, makes rapprochement measures and the return of political action and dialogue impossible. Subsequently, the continuation of this war, subjecting the country to poverty, suffering and continuing interventions to attract young people and children to fight and to strengthen internal division socially and politically all of these threatening the success of any efforts for a political solution.

This requires standing on the causes and sources of distorting interventions for the compatibility between Yemenis and clearly identify the corrupt elements in the political system. Also to make binding decision to hold them accountable and which do not let them escape from punishment.

Also supporting the recovery of the Yemeni economy, removing the causes of deterioration and the interventions of individual, neutralizing human rights issues related to health, education, infrastructure, civilian residential neighborhoods, supporting the freedom of opinion and expression, the reduction of hate speech and discrimination all of these are factors should be worked on them in order to build confidence between the Yemeni parties to sit together on the Yemeni national dialogue to achieve solutions to their problems and build their state.

• Third: achieving justice, supporting accountability and ensuring there is no impunity for the perpetrators of crimes

During these two years of the war, the international coalition led by Saudi Arabia used more than 130 thousand bombs and missiles from F16 aircraft, heavy artillery, and guided missiles, most of which fell on residential areas and cities which killed and injured thousands of civilians in addition to closing the ways before the wounded in order not to be survived or treated. The airports, airplanes , ports, roads, bridges all are destroyed and got the electricity, sanitation and water systems are disrupted. Moreover, supporting one part of political, social, tribal and religious opposition groups with money and weapons. Also the hate speech among Yemenis were encouraged, and more than 22 satellite TV channels are managed and financed by Saudi money.

The other party to the political confrontations includes other entities rotates between them internal armed conflict which takes the central, southern and eastern regions as a platform for confrontation and armed conflict which in return caused dead and wounded from all sides and falling civilian victims because of this conflict in the conditions that the UNs have been unable to take a resolution that creates a neutral and independent international commission of inquiry to clarify the picture for the parties to these conflicts and the role of terrorist groups (Al Qaeda and Daesh) and to specify the responsible for funding and training where all parties exchange accusations about all the violations and crimes against civilians and creating the justifications for their selves

This requires achieving justice, fairness for families of the victims, accountability for perpetrators of war crimes and terrorist acts, ensuring that there is no impunity in accordance with the impartial investigation, accurate investigation for facts, which finds all aspects and motivations and put criminals in front of accountability and punishment so as not to repeat such disasters again in the future of our people and our country.

To achieve this, it should be taken a clear decision by the Human Rights Council in the 34th round by adopting an international commission of inquiry responsible for the investigation on the war crimes, genocide, the crimes of terrorism, and supporting the organizations of al Qaeda and Daesh and their sources of funding, and lack of impunity in the light of these investigation.

• Fourth: strengthen the role of civil society to participate in peace-building.

The effects of political corruption, for decades, reflected on the work of civil society in Yemen. With the political and partisan divide, the civil society with its organizational forms, institutions, and leaders split between the political parties according to the political visions. This division reached nearly 90% of the working, acting and key CSOs in Yemen and 50% of emerging organizations with the space of 50% of the organizations that have faced the circumstances of this division to maintain a balance between all parties and belonging to the human rights issues and human rights and divided to work in the field of humanitarian relief, protection, monitoring, documentation and report writing, and some in childhood and women’s areas, and other different fields according to the available potentials, all of that under the shadow of war, destruction and power outages and the inability to communicate or travel abroad which resulting in a significant deficiency in performance towards the promotion and protection of human rights and relief.

The existence of the UNHCHR, Doctors Without Borders, the Red Cross and other international organizations was an important factor in finding a window of light in front of the victims and their families and the sons of the Yemeni people in the time of withdrawal of most international organizations under these circumstances and conditions and their inability to fulfill their commitments to human rights issues and the relief and support of the Yemeni people.

This requires the United Nations to play an active role to support civil society in Yemen and their involvement in the promotion of peace-building in accordance with the principles and rules of partnership set forth in the resolutions, declarations, and policies of the United Nations.

• Fifth: the fight against terrorism and taking into account the implementation of human rights.

There are broad headings are filed under the anti-terrorism banner included the Arab region, including Yemen, while we find that the anti-terrorism slogan actually used for political gain and the goals are not clear from the major and regional countries. According to human rights reports for field monitoring of war crimes and violations in Yemen and in addition to the contents of report the problem to the Committee of experts of the United Nations resolution No. ( 2253 ),2015 , these reports confirm that terrorist groups (Al Qaeda and Daesh) are present in the field and receive funding and training from one of the parties of the conflict at home. Also what the various media channels and sources confirm of the presence of al-Qaida and Daesh in the southern, central and eastern regions in Yemen are provided by a cover by international coalition led by Saudi Arabia and protects their presence beside destroying the infrastructure of the state of Yemen and let (Al Qaeda and Daesh) groups get the benefit from such destruction to find these groups grow and expand and control the areas and commit inhuman terrorist war crimes and violate international humanitarian law and all humanitarian laws and conventions in the light of this reality record over the past two years. Only in the south, more than 600 assassinations and bombings claimed by Al-Qaeda and Daesh against cadres of the state and in Taiz was recorded more than (400 ) murders, dragged, burning and forced displacement of opponents and sectarian-motivated discrimination and official by al-Qaeda and Daesh in addition to other committed multiple orientations and affiliations groups.

In fact, we find that the international community raising the slogan of terrorism and there was no real action on the ground are evident to confront terrorism even more clout, control and support for terrorism by countries within the region and the coalition led by Saudi Arabia.

This requires more efforts to clear definition of terrorism and to identify the groups revealed its funding sources and religious discourse to support it and continue to work on anti-hate speech which we recorded more than 32 Arab satellite channels promote hate speech, discrimination, violence and conflict.

We emphasize that the risk of terrorism represented by the organizations of (Daesh, Al Qaeda, … etc.) threaten peace and security in our Arab region, including Yemen, and it’s time to face it with a genuine and clear efforts without delay. The first is to hold a clear definition of terrorism and its groups, taking into account the realization of human rights and lack of damage to people and communities where these groups exist, and the accountability of supporters leaders of terrorist groups and facing them with punishment.

Also to call not to use terrorism as a tool and weapon indirectly in the regional and international political conflict for domestic political gain. The size of the disaster caused by terrorism and the non-obvious project of combating it, is almost a humanitarian disaster which is man-made and will lead our world to the tragedies that is harmful to society and harmful to every state.

• Sixth: Evaluating the performance of the international organizations working in Yemen.

Since 1990, dozens of international organizations are working in Yemen and offers a large expense to support human rights, development, good governance, child care, fighting against poverty and diseases, and illiteracy, but these organizations raised thier hands and closed their doors when the Yemeni people faced the for humanitarian disaster as a result of this destructive war, and this act was inhumanly by international organizations and the abandonment of rights in Yemen.

This requires further action to support the partnership with civil society and guiding and supporting programs to activate civil society and involving them in facing the humanitarian disaster and the human rights issue in Yemen in order to achieve peace, security and stability and to stop the war in accordance with international standards for the involvement of civil society in the face of social and humanitarian issues in such circumstances.

• Seventh: Promoting coexistence, supporting peace and community reconciliation, rejecting the culture of violence, hatred and discrimination forms, confidence-building between the parties to the community, and finding the ways for supporting political solutions.

As a result of internal conflicts and caused political failure for the elite Yemeni following a political settlement in 2012, which ignored the will of the people and their demands for change to the south and the north, in addition to the lack of awareness of the need to consider the grievances and the legacy of conflict and internal conflict for more than two decades with the political system differences and confrontations and community conflicts continued at the village level and the region and caused cracks in the influential community coexistence and community peace.

This requires the work on community reconciliation programs from the bottom up in the community building and this will contribute to building confidence between the different parties start around common issues and interests of a general move to social then to political and private issues and this will allow the efforts of civil society to open a window to promote national reconciliation efforts, peace, security and stability.

• Eighth: The fact-finding regarding detentions, prisons, and torture.

According to the complaints and appeals that we receive and what is made in the media forms, in addition to the role of Saudi Arabia in the arrest of Yemeni expatriates who oppose war parties, all of them documented the allegations that they have been detained and hidden. There are also allegations that the detainees held by all parties were tortured and arrested as a result of the motives of political affiliation, sectarian, or charges of crimes.

This requires to work on the truth investigation, acting against torture, accountability achieving and no impunity for the perpetrators of these violations and violators of international humanitarian law regarding prisoners, launching of political detainees and ensuring a fair trial for those found guilty of crimes against humanity.

• Ninth: the reduction of the recruitment of children and not to involve them in the armed conflicts.

Air strikes by the coalition led by Saudi Arabia caused the destruction of more than 3,000 schools and the displacement of more than three million people from various regions of Yemen because of those attacks and the war during the last two years, which made about two million students out of the educational process, most of them children who were brought to engage in fighting, especially in light of the economic difficulties and stopped salaries of state employees and the need to get the money.

This requires calls for action to neutralize the children and keeping them away of war and armed conflict, compel the internal conflicting parties which harm education/schools and economy, where these actions are directly motivated to attract students to engage in armed conflict.

• Tenth: directing psychological support programs for children and families of the victims.

It was recorded through the statistics and questionnaires about the suffering of the children, as a result of attacks by violent pounding of the Saudi coalition on civilian neighborhoods, or about the suffering victims and their families and their worries, panic, and severe fear causes psychological and health problems and puts them in the harsh suffering negatively reflected on the health, education and growing-up of children and also on the production, development and stability to the adults, especially women and girls.

This requires to work on directing psychological support programs for children, women, and girls and also the families of the victims, respond to the needs of a large segment of the population to support the mental health and providing their own medicines, the media concentration on the work of raising awareness and psychosocial support programs, especially for the ages between (7-30 years) for males and females.

Also working on removing the causes and treatment of trauma and psychological conditions, which in its front comes the forefront the violence resulting from the war, conflicts, aerial bombardment on residential neighborhoods, the fall of thousands of civilian casualties, and the suffering of thousands wounded and the impact on them and their families.

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